Do you ever feel like having a significant amount of pain in your feet at the end of the day? Does it happen too often? If so, then what did you do about it? We’re guessing – Nothing! Majority of the people who suffer from pain in their feet don’t do anything about it. We’re all too ignorant when it comes to having a foot pain. This is because we comfortably assume that it might be a temporary condition that was mainly caused because we had a long, tiring day, and that a good night’s sleep should fix it. What we don’t realize is that it can become a recurring issue and may lead to severe damages or even injury! As per a recent independent survey, more than 70% of the people suffer from foot pain, and out of those, only 30% said that they sought some foot care therapy to fix it.
Foot pain has become a rather common phenomenon and affects millions of people globally. It can be caused by a discomfort to any part of our feet – the toes; the heels; the arches; or the soles. The pain can be severe or mild and it may last for a short period time or last for longer durations depending upon the cause of the discomfort. Having pain in the feet can be caused by the lifestyle choices we make in our everyday routines or because of a development of some medical condition. Here’s a list of the five most common causes of foot pain:
Plantar fascia is a medical term for the ligament that runs right from the heel to the toe. When there is an inflammation of this ligament, plantar fascia occurs. In simpler terms – it is commonly known as Heel Pain. Typically, this condition happens when there is a lot of tension and stress put on the heel, usually caused by wearing high arches shoes or by indulging in high-impact activities such as running or excessive workouts. People with plantar fascia will experience a sharp, stabbing-like pain in their heels. Some of the common treatments for plantar fasciitis include stretching exercises, shoe inserts, physiotherapy, steroid injections or pain killers; and sometimes surgery. Most of the people with plantar fasciitis are treated with non-invasive therapies and surgical treatments are not required.
Tendons are the cords in our feet that join the muscles to the bones. If any irritation or inflammation is caused to these tendons, the condition is medically known as Tendinitis. People who have tendinitis experience an acute pain in the affected joint(s) and they may even find it difficult to move the affected joint. It is typically caused due to a lack of support and exercising on hard surfaces. It also causes a mild swelling which is caused almost immediately after the tendons are offended. It can also affect the elbows, wrists, fingers, and thighs. Tendinitis has many forms and some of the common ones are named after the sports that elevate their risk, like tennis elbow; pitcher’s shoulder; golfer’s elbow; jumper’s knee; and swimmer’s shoulder.
There are many forms of arthritis, over 100 of them. However the one that really affects the feel & causes pain is Rheumatoid Arthritis. This type of arthritis happens when growths begin to occur in the joints, like a lump coming out of the joints, which can cause the bones to deviate or get angulated. It is a chronic inflammatory disorder and people with this condition often experience that their toe joints turn red, feel stiff and swollen. Individuals with a family history of rheumatoid arthritis are prone to developing this condition. While there actually is no such cure for treating rheumatoid arthritis, physiotherapy sessions and targeted medication can help slow down the progression of the disease. It is an autoimmune disease in which, the body’s immune system, which attacks foreign substances like bacteria and viruses, mistakenly attacks its own tissues including the joints.
When there’s a compression on the main nerve (tibial nerve) as it travels through the tarsal tunnel, often caused by bone or tissue, it is known as the tarsal tunnel syndrome. The common signs of a tarsal tunnel syndrome are burning like sensations, a tingling feeling, shooting pain, or numbness over the bottom of the foot. The pain is typically felt in one spot or region, but can also occur over a larger area of the foot, calf, and ankle. Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be caused by a fracture; an arthritic bone spur; ganglions; development of a benign tumor; impingement of the muscles; or deformities of the feet.
Injuries and Strains
Physical injuries are common and can happen to anyone, and their severity can range from mild to severe. We all get a fair level of injuries while carrying out daily tasks, playing, or working. However, some of these injuries can affect the ligaments, which interconnect bones with each other. Strains also affect our muscles and/ or tendons, which connect the muscles to bones. Strains are caused when there’s a bit too much pressure or force placed on a muscle or set of muscles. It can happen when we perform a task in an improper manner, ending up spraining the muscles involved. A good example of this can be worked beyond our physical ability, or overusing a muscle by repetitive motions. Strains can also become chronic.
If you experience foot pain occasionally, you can try some home remedies to ease it out and relax your muscles and relieve the discomfort. You can apply some ice on the point of origin of pain; take an over-the-counter painkiller or pain reliever; use footpads; avoid excessive physical activities like running, jumping, weight-training; refrain from any activity that aggravates the pain; and avoid lifting heavy objects. Consider visiting a doctor if the pain is frequent or gets severe over time.